Orthodontics Braces also known as Dental braces or cases are devices used in Orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite, which also aims to improve dental health. Braces also fix gaps. They are often used to correct underbites as well as malocclusions overbite, open bites, deep bites, crossbites, crooked teeth and various other flaws of the teeth or jaw. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural, dental braces are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.
The application of braces moves the teeth as a result of force and pressure on the teeth. There are traditionally four basic elements that are used: brackets, bonding material, archwire, and ligature elastic(also called O-ring). The teeth move when the archwire puts pressure on the brackets and teeth. Sometimes springs or rubber bands are used to put more force in a specific direction.
Types of Braces:
In order to prevent the teeth from moving back to their original position, retainers are worn. Retainers help in maintaining and stabilizing the position of teeth long enough to permit the reorganization of the supporting structures and are often the active phase of Orthodontic therapy.