Orthodontics Braces

Orthodontics Braces also known as Dental braces or cases are devices used in Orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite, which also aims to improve dental health. Braces also fix gaps. They are often used to correct underbites as well as malocclusions overbite, open bites, deep bites, crossbites, crooked teeth and various other flaws of the teeth or jaw. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural, dental braces are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.

The application of braces moves the teeth as a result of force and pressure on the teeth. There are traditionally four basic elements that are used: brackets, bonding material, archwire, and ligature elastic(also called O-ring). The teeth move when the archwire puts pressure on the brackets and teeth. Sometimes springs or rubber bands are used to put more force in a specific direction.

Types of Braces:

  • Traditional Metal Wired Braces are stainless steel and are sometimes used in combination with titanium. These are the most common types of braces having a metal bracket with elastic ties holding the wire onto the metal brackets. The second most common types of braces are Self-Ligating Braces that do not require elastic ties, Instead the wire goes through the bracket. Often with this type of braces, treatment time is reduced, there is less pain in the teeth and fewer adjustments are required than the traditional braces.
  • Gold-Plated Stainless Steel Braces are often employed for patients allergic to nickel.
  • Lingual Braces are a cosmetic alternative in which custom made braces are bonded to the back of teeth making them extremely invisible.
  • Titanium Braces resemble stainless-steel braces but are lighter and stronger. People with allergies to the nickel often choose titanium braces but they are more expensive than stainless steel braces.
  • Customized Orthodontic Treatment Systems combine high-technology including 3D imaging, treatment planning software and a robot to custom bend the wire.
  • Progressive, Clear Removable Aligners may be used to gradually move teeth into their final positions. Aligners are generally used for complex orthodontic cases such as when extractions, jaw surgery, or palate expansion are necessary.

  • In order to prevent the teeth from moving back to their original position, retainers are worn. Retainers help in maintaining and stabilizing the position of teeth long enough to permit the reorganization of the supporting structures and are often the active phase of Orthodontic therapy.