Cataract: Clouding or opacification of normal clear lens of your eye.
Most Cataracts develop slowly but with time they eventually inter fee with your vision.
At First, Eye Glasses can help deal you with Cataracts. But it impaired vision interferes with your daily arthritis one might need Cataract Surgery.
- Clouded, blurred or dim vision
- Difficulty with vision at right
- Sensitivity to light and glare
- Seeing ‘Halos’ around lights
- Frequent changes in eyeglasses or contact lens prescription
- Double vision in a single eye
So, if patient develops any one of the above mentioned symptoms or notice any change in their vision, then they must see their eye specialist right away.
Risk factors for Cataract include:
- Increasing Age
- Excessive Exposure to sunlight
- High Blood pressure
- Previous Eye surgery
- Previous eye injury/inflammation
- Prolonged use of Corticosteroid medications
Diagnosis to determine whether you have a cataract or not is done by:
- Visual Acuity Lost
- Slit lamp Examination
- Retinal Examination
ONLY E EFFECTIVE treatment for Cataract is SURGERY.
In past, the cataract surgeries that were performed were- ECCE and SICS.
Now-a-days, most commonly performed phacoemulsification or MICS (micro incision Cataract Surgery), in which the Cataract is removed and an IOL (Intra Ocular lens) is placed in Capsular bag which provides clarity and best vision to patients.
Various types of IOL according to the need of the patients are:
- PMMA IOL
- Foldable hydrophobic and hydrophilic IOL
- Premium IOL’s
- Multifocal IOL
- Trifocal IOL
- Toric IOL's